India has successfully launched its first mission to observe the Sun after successfully landing on the South Pole of the Moon.
Named Aditya L-1, the mission was launched on September 2 from Sriharikota.
According to media reports, Aditya L-1 will come close to the Sun by covering a distance of 1.5 lakh kilometers from Earth.
Indian space agency ISRO informed that Aditya will take 4 months to reach his mission.
Why was the mission named Aditya?
According to the Indian Space Agency, this mission will collect information about the only star of the solar system, the Sun.
Sun is called Surya in Sanskrit and is also considered as God, another name for him is Aditya.
What does L-1 mean?
According to the Indian Space Agency, L-1 stands for Lagrange Point-1 and is the point between the Earth and the Sun where the Indian spacecraft is going.
According to the European Space Agency, the Lagrange point is the point where the Sun and Earth cancel each other’s gravitational pull, helping spacecraft stay in space.
If Aditya L-1 reaches this point, it will be able to orbit the Sun like Earth, meaning the satellite will need much less fuel to operate.
The purpose of this mission?
Project Director Nigar Shaji says that the landing of Aditya L-1 will benefit not only India but scientists all over the world.
Aditya L-1 will circle the Earth several times before heading towards the Sun and observe the Sun from its designated position, including eclipses and eclipses.
According to the Indian scientist, the information gained from this mission will help scientists understand solar activity, including the solar wind and solar flare, and their effects on Earth and space weather.
It should be noted that there are 50 Indian satellites in space which provide important information to India including helping in forecasting weather, drought, pest infestation etc.